THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO STUDY THE PUBLIC POLICY: AN ANALYSIS OF THE CYCLIC/STAGES HEURISTIC MODEL
Keywords:Theoretical Approaches, Policy Process, Cyclic Model, Policy Design, Institutional Model.
An approach suggests authentic procedures and techniques for the solution of a specific problem. To analyze the policy-making process, various approaches, theories, and models have been introduced by social and political scientists. American political scientist Harold Laswell presented the term ‘Public Policy’ in 1951 initially. Laswell projected a multi-disciplinary innovative dexterous approach to control the political procedures of industrialized civilizations of Post-World War II. At present, the study of policy process and analysis has quickly established a higher level of theoretical framework commonly in the West. The theoretical approaches that are primarily connected with public policy formulation are rational-choice theory, incremental theory, policy output analysis, political system theory, and institutionalism, group theory, and elite theory. The cyclic/stages model offers a systematic framework for the examination of public policies. A reviewing study of theoretical approaches to study public policy was initiated, which explored the process of public policy as a cyclic model. The purpose of the study is to learn about the different approaches to study public policy. The finding indicates that the complex process of public policy formulation will relatively convert into the easiest mode by following the logical apparatus of the cyclic model. This paper recommends that the cyclic/stages model offers an upright design and methodical framework to examine public policies and could be used for data collection.