IMPACT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON THE NATURAL RESOURCES OF CHOLISTAN DESERT
Keywords:Population growth, Natural resources, sustainability, livestock and livelihood, degradation, Cholistan Desert.
Population of the living planet is constantly growing the world population is now around 7.6 billionand it will be 8 billion in the future and reached to 9 billion in 2050. Growth of populations is the major and most dangerous cause of poverty and environmental degradation. The increase ofhuman population in particular area is refers as population growth. The natural resource base of land, water and vegetation in arid and semi-arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to degradation. Increasing population along with the demand for more food, fodder and fuel wood has given rise to a chain of interrelated economic, social and environmental issues associated with the land degradation .The growth of population causes great burden on production of natural resources. More people require more food for eating and more land for living. In developing countries, the main cause of poverty is an increase in population. Population growth in developing countries like Pakistan is very high. As a result, the world's population faces problems such as poverty, inequality, resource production, and increased land-based settlement. The primary data has been collected with the help of questionnaires interviews Focus group discussions (FGDs), Field opinions based on this estimation. A method of stratified random sampling is used for the household questionnaire and field survey.The data is analyzed through the SPSS (statistical pakeges of social sciences software .The map of the study area and settlement is prepared with the help of GIS(Geographical information system software. The result shows that growing population of cholistan Desert puts pressure on the available limited resources of this arid region.In result they destroyed their natural resources due to over utilization without to knowing their importance. Most natural resources are limited. This means they end up running out.A perpetual resource has an endless supply.The life of Cholistan people depend on these resources because they get food for themselves and also fodder for their livestock which is the main source of economy. There are numerous natural resources in the region. The local inhabitants are mainly pastoral nomads engaged primarily in livestock rearing activity. They depend on the resources for their livelihood whatever nature mother gives them. The natural resources of Cholistan Desert are included water resources including (tobba and kund), livestock, agriculture land, pasture land, natural vegetation, wildlife flora and fauna etc. The population of Cholistan Desert is scatterely distributed. The formation of population prevalent all over desert, spread in the form of small hamlet and semi settlement. They use their resources in ruthlessly way without knowing their importance and future sustainability.