PERPLEXITY OF ONE'S SUBJECTIVITY IN ITS RELATION TO BLOCKED DESIRE A LACANIAN PSYCHOANALYTIC CASE STUDY OF PRINCE HAMLET
Keywords:Subjectivity; Desire; Perplexity; The Other; Objet a; Repression
In the light of psychoanalysis, especially Freudian, Hamlet's hesitation to avenge his father's death mostly conceived through Hamlet's unwanted repressed Oedipal desire to his mother, a repression rooted in the mother's unforeseen marriage ( at least in the eyes of the prince ) to Claudius. Jacques Lacan does not restrict Hamlet’s predicament merely to an awful case of Oedipal repression. Rather, to Lacan , the problem must be followed in the perplexity occurring in the process of his subjectification and his blocked desire. As Lacan puts, Shakespeare’s play dramatizes a painful (con)fusion of responding to Hamlet 's own desires and his entanglement within the maze of desire of the Other. The present study attempts to figure out the leading cause of this chaos resulting in Hamlet’s traumatic confrontation with his own self as much as concerned to his relations with the Other , either it is named mother or Ophelia. Put it another way , Hamlet's irredeemable suspension to act /avenge is nurtured by his disability to separate his desires ( and so give constancy to his individual phantasies ) from the restrictive desire of the (m)Other. It is the very fixation within the Other's phantasy /desire( a drive presented by Hamlet 's insistence on taking the place of Claudius, whom in Hamlet’s eyes seen as the first and most wanting desire of his mother) that prevents Hamlet to constitute his phantasies and to identify his subjectivity in respect to the Other rather than just assimilating and so diminishing his subject to the Other .The second same confusion that would be traced in this exploration goes to Hamlet's failure in his love, loving Ophelia. Given the princess as objet a / object cause of desire in Lacanian terminology, we witness the further Hamlet alienates himself from her , the more & more he loses the pivotal imaginary relations his subjectivity needs to keep with the source of his desire _Ophelia. A failure that ultimately ends in the stagnation of his subjectification and makes of him a melancholic figure. The remedial solution happens to him in the final scene when and where he is badly wounded; a physical injury having its therapeutic function on his psyche to help him reestablish his position as a free subject.