CIVIL LIABILITY OF THE STAFF OF NOTARY PUBLICS IN DRAWING UP FORGED AND ERRONEOUS DOCUMENTS: ANALYSIS OF TRADITIONAL REGISTRATION AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM OF DOCUMENT REGISTRATION
Keywords:Forgery of documents, Real Estate Registration Office, traditional registration, electronic system
The purpose of this study was to examine the civil liability of the employees of the Real Estate Registry in drawing up forged and erroneous documents and drawing up documents in the traditional registration and electronic registration system.
Forgery of documents, in particular in recent years owing to the economic turmoil of the country, have significantly turned heads in the judiciary, and the Property and Deeds Registration Organization as a subset thereto. In interactions of any quality among individuals, countless documents are often drawn up in a plethora of ways, the provisions of which result in accountability. In order for the various activities of the community to have their normal effect, drawn up documents need to be a reliable means of maintaining the relationships of individuals, a primary prerequisite of which is being free from fraud and deception. Forgery of documents is one of the main crimes causing the deprivation of the public trust and disruption of the country's economic, and hence is one of the most important roots of social inefficiencies in society. Considering the development of domestic and international communication and exchange networks, the need for speed and ease in concluding contracts and transactions, as well as maintaining the validity of documents and their vital role in all aspects of human life, the relevant authorities are recommended to provide certainty and security for individuals, companies and organizations by providing distinct rules and regulations.
This research employed analytical, library-based method and collected data through taking notes from books, journals and articles, legal sites, the opinion of university professors, and when the need arose, seminary scholars, as well as the authorities involved in legal affairs.