THE POLITICS OF RELIGIO-POLITICAL PARTIES, MUTTAHIDA MAJLES-E-AMAL: (A STUDY OF 2002 GENERAL ELECTIONS)

Authors

  • Iltaf Khan
  • Bakhtiar Khan
  • Attia Quresh

Keywords:

Religious Parties, Islamic System, Muttahida Majles-e-Amal, Political Alliance, 2002 General Elections.

Abstract

The political history of Pakistan revealed that despite of its active involvement in the politicalprocess, the religio-political parties always failed to gain success in the elections and achievenotable parliamentary representation. However, in October 2002 elections, for the firsttime, a sizeable part of the population voted for the religio-political parties under the banner of Muttahida Majles-e-Amal (MMA), a conglomeration of six religious parties.While using the anti-Americanism and Islamist card, the religious parties not only made inroad into the parliament but replaced the mainstream PPP and PML-N in certain regions of the country including Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan. This paper attempts to examine the causes that led to MMA’s success in the 2002 general elections and to evaluate its implications on Pakistan political system.

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Published

2021-10-10

How to Cite

Iltaf Khan, Bakhtiar Khan, & Attia Quresh. (2021). THE POLITICS OF RELIGIO-POLITICAL PARTIES, MUTTAHIDA MAJLES-E-AMAL: (A STUDY OF 2002 GENERAL ELECTIONS). PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 18(10), 2552-2564. Retrieved from https://www.archives.palarch.nl/index.php/jae/article/view/10205