A STRUCTURALIST STUDY OF BARTHES’ CODES IN HANIF’S A CASE OF EXPLODING MANGOES
This paper interpretively contributes a structuralist analysis of Muhammad Hanif’s A Case of Exploding Mangoes (2008) under the guidelines of Barthesian theory of five codes. The paper seeks to unravel the hidden voices of the selected text, and observes Barthes theoretical framework as a cluster of signifiers that can be enlarged by five codes: proairetic, hermeneutic, semantic, symbolic, and cultural codes. This study surveys the language construction and structural similarities in Hanif’s text, and also inspects their contributions for the initiation of aesthetic pleasure. The paper also explores those devices that pacify for figurative construction of the target text, and are handy to intensify the aesthetic pleasure for the readers. This study observes that a stereographic capacity is instigated by Barthes’ codes, and every code is associated with a voice. The proairetic and hermeneutic code commonly exert for the phenomenon of the plot construction of the target text. The semantic code expresses the characterization along with the theme of the text and presents with in-depth understanding to the writer’s scoffing depiction. The symbolic code mostly known as antithetical code facilitates the readers to clarify the psyche of all major characters, distinctively about the protagonist. However, the cultural code expands light to evident the eastern culture, specifically about Pakistani norms, political system, religion and various doctrines of the establishment. The study finds that even though Hanif’s text has been immersed largely with hermeneutic code to produce mystery for the readers, yet, the cultural code has been the author’s utmost priority as the real events and characterization have expanded the theme of cultural collision. The paper infers that the application of five codes on the target text elevates understanding of its readers and imparts ground for the text’s genre and its diverse themes in the contemporary reading style.