GENERAL ATMOSPHERE OF PERSIAN POETRY BEFORE MONGOL INVASION AND POETRY STATUS IN THIS PERIOD
The invasion of Iran by the Mongols destroyed the cities and literary and scientific centers significantly, and many scholars, writers, and mystics took refuge in several small and large shelters inside Iran and in Sindh and Asia Minor, where were protected from attack, depredation, and looting. Despite this turmoil, the literary status in Iran is significant in this period. This period can be considered a golden age of Iranian classical literature; because great poets such as Saadi and Movlawi emerged in this period, and Hafez Shirazi also emerged at the late time. This article mainly aims to examine the general atmosphere of the origin of Persian poetry before the Mongol invasion and poetry status in the Mongol period. The research is conducted using the descriptive-analytical method. The research results indicate that Persian poetry explains the pessimism and dissatisfaction with the current situation and instability of the world and the invitation of people to world-denying and asceticism and the like more than ever, and the oppressive kings and princes of this period were highly criticized socially and politically by Persian poetry.