ETHNIC CONFLICTS IN IRAN: A CASE STUDY OF BALOCH AND KURDISH INSURGENCIES
This academic paper discusses ethnic conflicts in Iran. It has been explained that how presence of various ethnic groups has created a complex environment where state has been concerned over the legitimacy of minorities’ demands. Iranian state has long neglected the Kurds and the Baloch. Available literature affirms that these groups see a Shia Islamic-Persian identity ruling over their Sunni-Kurd and Sunni-Baloch. Minority groups believe their identities are being curbed by the state. It has been analyzed that state’s concern about Kurds and Baloch of being a secessionist group doesn’t weigh much when compared with demands of the majority. Militant activities from these groups have created blurring effect on the regime. Paper proposes recommendation that Iranian state should hold pen dialogue militant groups to overcome grievances of resented minorities. Confidence building measures aimed at increasing trust between minority groups and the government is the only way forward.