JUSTICE AS A DIVERSITY MANAGEMENT TOOL ACCORDING TO JOHN ROLLS AND WILL KYMLICKA
Justice is one of the most important researches in political philosophy. Perhaps it can be said that all political philosophers have been exposed to the discussion of justice in some way. The historical roots of this research extend to political ideas in the ancient era to the present day. The most important issue in the discussion of justice is to make the imbalanced relations in society defensible. From a legal point of view, justice is expressed in fair legal decisions. From the point of view of political philosophy, justice is considered a characteristic of the social institution, not individuals. And this research is a link in ideas and considerations between the issues of diversity and justice.
The maim thesis of this research is to test the effectiveness of taking the theory of justice as a fair tool for managing diversity. This research will be divided into two parts. The first is concerned with (the veil of ignorance) that John Rawls* proposed to manage diversity to reach a unified and rational concept of justice through different and diverse understandings and patterns of thinking depending on the diversity of individuals in terms of ethnic, cultural and cognitive aspects. The second part is concerned with the perceptions of Will Kymlicka** On justice as an approach to dealing with diversity to reach a society described as a just society, Kymlicka says: “It is necessary to respond to such different values as justice, freedom and common justice in order to reach a just society” (Doherty, 2009).