VIOLENCE, EXTREMISM, AND TERRORISM: A CRITIQUE ON OMER SHAHID HAMID'S THE SPINNER'S TALE
This paper informed by the theories on extremism, violence, terrorism, mapping of terrorism and evolution of terrorist organizations by Martha Crenshaw, Bruce Hoffman and John Horgan; explores the life of Sheikh Ahmed Uzair Sufi, the protagonist in Omer Shahid Hamid’s The Spinner’s Tale (2015). Through an in depth study of this fictional character, the story of the young innocent boy, who is a cricket lover, is put before us who turned in to a jihadi after joining the student-wing of an ethnic party. In doing so, the researchers attempt to identify patterns in the evolution of terrorism; to specify its causes and consequences and to analyze its development, particularly in Pakistan. Therefore, this study probes into the fact that how small groups are multiplied to make larger terrorist’s groups. In the light of the given theory, Sheikh Ahmed Uzair Sufi’s character provides us with an ample source to study; those circumstances and conditions due to which many young educated Pakistani men belonging to middle-class families turn to violence and militancy. Alluding the text, the authoritarian governments/factions, and the corrupt political system and/or political exploitation play a vital role in creating monsters out of young educated Pakistani men. Having established that, a critique is presented on the space created by such systems that breed and safeguard offenders and militants.