THE DEVELOPMENT OF CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION LEARNING MODELS THROUGH THE ADDIE MODEL TO IMPROVE STUDENT CHARACTERS AT MULAWARMAN UNIVERSITY
Citizenship Education in Higher Education is the leading sector for instilling character values in students. In carrying out a multidimensional mission, Citizenship Education psychopedagogically / andragogically and socioculturally must be analyzed, designed, developed, implemented and evaluated in the context of realizing civic intelligence which is psychosocially reflected in the mastery of civic knowledge, the embodiment of civic dispositions, appearance of civic skills, ownership of civic commitment, ownership of civic confidence, and appearance of civic competence, all of which emanate from and crystallize back into virtue / civic virtues / civility. For that we need a learning development model that is suitable and can increase competence in students, namely the ADDIE model. The Indonesian government policy requires that character education be included in the curriculum in higher education because character education is not only important, but absolutely necessary for a nation to become a civilized nation. This research is a development research which refers to the development research process of Borg and Gall. The main purpose of character education is to improve student achievement and the implementation of integrated character development. Through character education, students are expected to be able to implement character values in everyday life. A character education strategy can be done through: (1) providing a real model, (2) instilling discipline, (3) forming habits, (4) creating a conducive atmosphere, (5) integration and internalization. With the ADDIE model used by lecturers, students can carry out activities in learning that are more fun and not monotonous. The approaches used include: (1) observing, classifying, and recognizing and formulating problems that arise (2) collecting, analyzing and interpreting data, and (3) predicting possible symptoms.