THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN N.A.NAZARBAYEV'S INITIATIVE ON THE “EURASIAN UNION” AND ITS HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE
The idea of establishing a closer economic “Eurasian Union” of independent states was proposed by the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev on March 22, 1994 during his visit to the United Kingdom. One week later, on March 29 of that year, during an official visit to the Russian Federation in Moscowhe justified his new proposal in detail in his speech at the meeting at the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. The main idea is that post-Soviet development in two directions, namely: first - the full preservation of political freedom and national identity of each member republics of the Union, and second - the need for close economic cooperation. From here, it was announced that time itself has raised the issue of ensuring stability and security in the Eurasian region. For the first time in London, a directory of such an intergovernmental association, the “Eurasian Union”, was presented and it was later renamed.
Indeed, the issue raised by the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan was very relevant and it is still important currently. Well-known public and state figures of that time and today, politicians and economists, scientists have always stated the correctness and necessity of this initiative, which was not implemented for various reasons. It is known that even the most difficult situation in the CIS proves the viability of this idea.
The article analyzes the fact that the Customs Union, established in the mid-1990s of XX century and known for its effective work in joint economic relations between its member states, is guided by some of the requirements of the Eurasian Union proposed by the President of Kazakhstan.