The Most Important Electronic Fatwas of Covid19 in Light of the Objectives of Sharia and Taking into Account the Circumstances
The Corona epidemic appeared recently and spread throughout the world, and contributed to changing the course of human life. There is hardly a single part of the earth without this epidemic, and with it the number of injuries and deaths increases. As a result, all countries sought to find solutions to stop the disease or at least reduce the numbers, and there was no solution for officials other than the decision to impose preventive precautions to reduce its spread. Among the precautionary decisions was blocking the borders of countries on arrivals and visitors, as well as mosques, shops and public places, and then restricting movements. Rather, the introduction of precautions has led to the suspension of the obligatory prayers and congregation in prayer halls and mosques in some places, and the separation between rows in others. At this time, a number of virtual conferences and seminars were held to discuss issues related to the Corona pandemic and the measures taken by officials from the jurisprudential perspective, and the cyberspace was filled with various types of fatwas about the permissibility of closing mosques, chapels, mosques and the spacing between rows. While it seems that most of these fatwas were in a hurry, most of them were in doubt about the extent of observance of the objectives of the Sharia and the consequences for them before they were issued. Therefore, this study sought to collect the most important jurisprudential fatwas (Covid19), to examine the extent of their observance of the objectives of the Sharia, and to consider the consequences.