EXAMINING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURE AND CO-PRODUCTION LEADERSHIP BELIEF: DOES BELIEF HAVE IMPACT ON FOLLOWER OBEDIENCE AND CONSTRUCTIVE RESISTANCE?
Discussion on leadership and followership cannot be separated from cultural aspects such as system of norms, beliefs, and values. The present study aims to examine the effect of cultural values on co-production leadership belief which emerges as one of the followers' role in the leadership process. This study also examines the co-production Leadership belief in followers' obedience and constructive resistance. The population of the study was all civil servants in Surakarta and Salatiga city. The sample was selected using cluster random sampling, out of 400 questionnaires that were distributed, 263 were returned. The hypothesis was tested using Structural Equation Modeling-Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS) using WarpPLS 6.0. The present study found that power distance negatively affects co-production leadership belief, while uncertainty avoidance and collectivism positively affect co-production leadership belief. The present study proves that co-production leadership belief positively affects obedience and constructive resistance. This finding extends the existing concept of followership, particularly co-production leadership, which is still understudied.