Urban Villages in developing Industrial Towns: Casestudy Bhangel
While Urbanism is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas, urbanization, if left on its own, goes against the concept of sustainability. Urbanization by nature is growing and changing continuously . It leaves behind, footprints of obsolete spaces which interfere with Urbanism, which is in itself dynamic. To ensure growth the impact of this dynamism is taken up by the urban villages. The organized life in towns and cities, as we see today, came unannounced for humanity. The change from small towns with large agricultural belts around and the horse-cart, to urbanization, industrialization and automobiles was a change necessary to house population, growth in life expectancy, and economy. This has not been completely absorbed by planning and a lot has been overlooked in its agendas. The areas resultant of this change, the urban areas, developed by the development authority has fed on the malleable patches of lal-dora, aabadi, slums, and urban villages. These areas are open to unchartered growth and are kept outside the administrative boundary of the development bodies and hence provide cushion for the necessities and economics missed out by the development authority, that have to be met, to further the cause of urban growth. While they exhibit symbiotic support to the urban areas under the development authority, they are still using the Indian organic architectural morphology to grow. This can be understood in the study of pattern in commercialization on the fringe of the urban village of Bhangel, as a sample of changes happening in the eighty-one villages that fall under Noida. Bhangel is one of the oldest urban villages in Noida and lies on the historic trade route connecting villages that lie in Dadri and Meerut to the city of Delhi and Shahadra in the past. It played its role during the mutiny of 1857. The agricultural lands of eighty-one urban villages along with Bhangel were acquired in the process of formulation of Noida. The Urban Villages of Noida have continued to play a vital role in the Urbanization of Noida and hence are catalysts for its Sustainable Urbanism. With the overexploitation of the urban villages, Noida would lose its Urban vitality, and to save itself, it will have to save the Urban Villages. Immediate surgical intervention is imperative. This paper establishes the Urban Villages of Noida as key role players to cushion the blindfold development at the hands of planners and also establishes them as a promulgator of Sustainable Urbanism, while they have preserved Indian architectural morphology.