EVALUATION OF THE ROLE OF LIVING SPACES IN THE CITIZEN’S QUALITY OF LIFE (CASE STUDY: TEHRAN METROPOLIS, DISTRICT 12)
As a primary need of human which creates the sense of satisfaction, housing plays a fundamental role in improvement of quality of life; so that, in addition to harmful effects on mind, inappropriate and nonstandard housing can directly and indirectly cause social consequences such as delinquency, crime commitment, and violation of rules and regulations. Ruined, crowded, and nonstandard houses and neighborhoods with low ownership rate are considered as some of the crime hot spot factors. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed by statistical methods (Spearman’s correlation and regression tests) in SPSS with the goal of investigating the role of living and residential spaces in citizens’ quality of life in Tehran Metropolis, district 12. The population includes the neighborhoods of Tehran, district 12. Based on the performed field studies, 383 neighborhoods were randomly selected as the samples. According to the results of Spearman’s correlation, in all the neighborhoods except Darvazeh Shemiran, housing quality is closely related to quality of life. The results suggest that among the 10 indicators of quality of life included in regression test, the five indicators of economic justice, personal wellbeing, access satisfaction, environment quality, and housing quality have been investigated in the model; these indicators explain 46 percent of the changes of the dependant variable. Regarding the significance value, the research hypothesis is approved. Among the quality of life components, economic justice has had the highest effect on the changes of housing quality in the neighborhoods of district 12.