PARALLELS OF HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNIZATION OF DEKHKAN BAZAARS IN THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
In the East, it is impossible to imagine how the sky without the moon, tea without a teahouse, and the East itself without a bazaar. Dekhkan bazaars are the pearls of the crossroads of the worlds of the Great Silk Road, the "cauldrons" of cultures. These are not just places to buy and sell goods or open-air shops. These are the centers of attraction and development of Asian cultures, where energy exchange takes place, interaction of people, ideas, emotions and languages. The way to the heart of any country passes through its historical heritage, architectural and town planning monuments, through labyrinths of old alleys, lively bazaars, makhalla centers and residential areas that give cities a unique look. The invasion of industrial plants and road transport is rapidly changing the urban environment. Art, history, archival materials, photographs and documentary films and its rare surviving representatives remain as evidence of this time.
Nothing, of course, can give such a genuine feeling of the past as the historical environment of cities, architectural monuments, public centers, shopping arcades - bazaars, which also remained a business and trade center, preserved residential buildings. Bazaars in Uzbekistan are diverse in their form: open or closed; with a clear structure of parallel and perpendicular trading rows or circular sub-dome formations, when shopping rows form concentric circles-labyrinths extending from the center; linear formations, when the rows are lined up along any urban dominant - a road or river bed. The shapes of the counters are also varied: from the most primitive (litter directly on the ground) to luxurious illuminated display cases. Only in Asia can one visually contemplate one of the ancient postulates of economics: "trade is the engine of civilization."