The role of the public administration in combating trafficking in women in Iraq
The meaning of public administration is devoted to the group of public authorities and bodies present in the state that seek to achieve the public interest, and in this sense the role of the public administration in the issue of combating human trafficking in general and women in particular is devoted to the fact that they are more targets than men in this crime, whether in peace or war or during conflicts In Iraq, and despite the existence of a text to combat this crime in the Penal Code No. 111 of 1969, as amended in effect, as well as the existence of a text in the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq, No. 2005 in effect, no law was issued to combat this crime in 2012, when the law on combating this crime was issued. Human trafficking (No. 28 of 2012) is the result of Iraq’s ratification of the International Convention to Combat Human Trafficking and in this law the role of the public administration in facing this crime has emerged, whether in prevention or treatment, as the law stipulates the mechanisms to combat this crime and the methods used by public authorities and the distribution of roles Combating between the federal and regional authorities, as well as imposing penalties on the perpetrators of this crime, both natural and moral persons who committed this crime. Key words: slavery, people smuggling, public authority, the region.