The Importance of Plants for Society with reference to Islam and Quran
Islam is the most complete religion, which presents the elasticity to respond new technologies and a complete way for living. In Islam, ethical teachings of biomedical ethics are linked with Holy Quran and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Almost 22 identifiable plants belong to seventeen plant families are cited in the Holy Quran including Ficus carica, Olea europoea, Phoenix dactyltfera, Vitis vintfera, Panica granatum, Ocimum basilicum, Dryobalanops camphora, Zingiber officinale, Brassica nigra, Salvadora persica, Tamarix, Zizyphus spina-christi, Citrulus colocynthis, Cucurb ita pepo, Cucumis sativus, Allium sativum, A. ce pa, lens esculents, Musa sa pientum, Hordeum vulgare, Triticum vulgare and Trtfolium. The present study describes the wide range of plants mentioned distinctly in the Holy Quran to denote holy plants such as fig, olive, date palm and pomegranates; or aroma plants such as zinger, basil and chamfer; or popular nutritious plants like onion, garlic and lentils; astringent plants as colocynth or Pasteur plants like clover. On the other hand, key words like plants, seeds, grains, ornamentals, gardens, trees, fruits and herbs are also mentioned very often in the Quran to denote a plant, a plant part, type and/or habit of a plant or places where plants are normally grow. A comprehensive list of surahs and ayahs where a distinct plant or a keyword indicates plants are included. The taxonomic position and common names of those plants are included. Typical biological issues such as biodiversity, seed germination, photosynthesis and diverse uses of plants are interpreted from various surahs of the Quran.