EXAMINATION OF CALLIGRAPHY IN IRANIAN ISLAMIC TEXTILES
Keywords:Calligraphy, Iranian Islamic Textiles, Artistic Traditions.
Because the beauty of art is important in establishing the art of a land and shaping the image of visual and conceptual traditions, applied arts have carried the same concepts at the grassroots level and are the most important means of transmitting culture among ancient nations. In fact, the cause of the unity of artistic traditions and the expansion of themes in Iranian art should be sought in this connection between the arts. In some periods, we even encounter artists who have dealt with both fields of art. Therefore, the present article was conducted with the aim of examining the visual and graphic values of calligraphy with their meaning and concept in terms of changing the macro approaches of Iranian Islamic art and the change and evolution of this dynamic and living art. Therefore, the present study examines the place of calligraphy in Iranian Islamic textiles. In this regard, the three remaining calligraphy examples from the Al-Buwayh, Seljuk and Safavid eras are examined visually and graphically. This study examines the differences between calligraphy in terms of shape and content, the effect of Islamic and Iranian cultures on the patterns of textile calligraphy and the relationship between visual and graphic values of calligraphy with their meaning and concept. Information about customs, culture, art and textiles was collected through libraries and finally the Al-Buwayh, Seljuk and Safavid eras were studied historically, culturally and artistically using historical-analytical methods. At the end of this research, a scientific, symbolic and comparative study of textile calligraphy in the three mentioned periods is done and by comparing calligraphy, we point out their differences in terms of shape and content. According to the research findings, it can be concluded that calligraphy in textiles of these periods, in addition to practical and aesthetic aspects, also had a conceptual and symbolic aspect.