PUBLIC POLICY AND MECHANISMS FOR ITS DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION IN MODERN POLITICAL SYSTEMS
Public policy is generally concerned with government plans programmed to achieve specific objectives within specific period that may serve one or more sectors of society.Some authors consider it as being related to basic government decisions that define and determine the life of citizens. The features of that policy are determined through decisions and laws that are enactedby their legislative powers and implemented by their administrative authorities. This in turn justifies the saying of politics is at the mercy of administrators.Therefore,this study addressesthese issues throughtwo sections. The first section defines the conceptual framework of public policy in terms ofits origin and development, its definition and characteristics. While the second section discusses the specific mechanisms of public policy in relation to its levels and types, and the process of policy-making.