DEFENCE MECHANISM IN THE CHARACTER OF SYDNEY CARTON IN A TALE OF TWO CITIES
A Tale of Two Cities is a historical novel written by Charles Dickens. The protagonist of the novel is Sydney Carton. At the beginning, he is a careless and insensitive character in the story, but with the passage of time, he becomes more careful and more vigilant when he falls in love with a girl, Lucie Mannette. In contrast, she loves Charles Darney. His unrequited love could not be accomplished and his one-sided love produced anxiety and angst inside him. So, at the end of the novel, his anxiety drives him to such an extreme level that he sacrifices himself instead of Charles Darney. Therefore, the researchers analyzed the "Defense Mechanism" in the character of Sydney Carton. The defense mechanism is a psychological strategy proposed by Sigmund Freud used by a person to lessen anxiety. Defense mechanisms are different kinds of strategies that try to lessen or protect a person from depression, anxiety, and such problems arising from intolerable thoughts and feelings. The analysis shows that Sydney Carton suffers from "Realistic Anxiety," "Moral Anxiety," and "Neurotic Anxiety" in several instances in the novel, due to his actions. It also highlights that his consciousness employs different methods of defense mechanisms, including "Denial, Reaction Formation," "Identification with the Antagonist," and "Projection", "Suppression", "Sublimation", "Fantasy", and "Isolation of affect". These findings support the researchers' hypothesis that this novel contains traces of anxiety as well as defense mechanisms for dealing with anxiety.