THE GRAMARIAN SHEIKH ABDUL SALAM AFANDI FAMOUS WITH (AL-SHAWAF) (1900 AD – 1318 AH) (HIS LIFE AND HIS SCIENTIFIC EFFECTS)
The research dealt with one of Iraq’s prominent scholars in the nineteenth century AD, Sheikh AbdAl-Salam Affandi (d.: 1318 AH), who was famous as the teacher of the Qadiriyah school, and one of the commentators of the book “EdhharAl-Asrar fi Al-Nahu” by Sheikh Beer bin Ali Al-Barkawi (d. 980 AH) in his explanation marked with (EstidhharAl-SigharalaEdhharAl-Asrar), which I, along with a colleague of mine, investigated in two comprehensive theses.
The research is a serious attempt to uncover a grammarian in the nineteenth century, despite the description of some scholars of him that his knowledge was not limited to Arabic sciences only, but was encyclopedic, so his knowledge included other sciences such as religious sciences, philosophy, logic and others. However, we preferred to stand on his grammatical efforts preceded by a study on his life.
Perhaps the choice to study the grammatical aspect of Sheikh Al-Shawaf comes from the fact that the science of grammar is one of the greatest sciences, and the most beneficial of them, as through it the tongue is straightened, and one is elevated in eloquence, and with this knowledge the Book of God is preserved, and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him and his family) is preserved from distortion, this is on the one hand and on the other hand none of the researchers shed light on this scientific aspect of Sheikh Al-Shawaf.