PHOTOGRAPHIC STUDY OF LIP ANTHROPOMETRIC PATTERN AMONG IKA SUBJECTS FROM DELTA STATE IN NIGERIA
Anthropometric parameters vary with maturity, gender, ecological setting and ethnicity, thus, anthropometry of populace by age and sexual category ought to be carried out discretely. The endeavor of this academic work is to evaluate the anthropometric parameters of the lips among Ika subjects from Delta State in Nigeria. This academic exercise involved anthropometry of lips in 100 Ikas aged 17-30 years in Delta State, Nigeria. These persons had no lip inflammation, herpes, malformations like cleft lip, and facial surgery. Full-face photos were taken with digital camera (with 12.3 Mega Pixel Lens). Mouth width, width of philtrum, height of the total lip and the nose-lip distance were measured on computer by corel draw software. Data were evaluated statistically using SPSS, independent sample t test and ANOVA. The width of the mouth was the uppermost mean as male dimension of 5.25± 0.683cm and female measurement of 5.23±0.655cm were jotted. The least measurement occurred with nose-lip (distance between sub nasale and labial superius); with male mean as 1.31±0.457cm and female mean as 1.31± 0.371cm. There was considerable association of age with the lip height (p<.05). This scrutiny has established baseline records on lip anthropometric parameters among Ika subjects from Delta State in Nigeria. Sexual category distinction in the lip anthopometric pattern of the Ikas was not outstanding, save for the philtrum width that portrayed significant gender disproportion. There is notable age disparity in lip height amid the Ika folks who hail from Delta State in Nigeria.