THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION AFFAIRS IN THE CITY OF KARBALA, 1971-1975 (HISTORICAL STUDY)
Keywords:affairs, education, Karbala, 1971, 1975, historical
Karbala has been called by several names (Karbala - Corbal - Karbala) and the latter is the most prominent among them. Some researchers refer to it, not in geographical, historical and religious dimensions, but we are certain that the history of the present city of Karbala begins with the incident of Karbala in the year 61 AH, which was embodied by the martyrdom of the master of the martyrs Imam Hussain bin Abi Talib (upon him) Peace) and the righteous people and companions of his household that occurred with the wages of the corrupt Yazid bin Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan , which embodied meaning the fathers and the revolution against injustice and corruption, and the geographical location of Karbala has an impact on the growth of the city's society as it is located between many urban cities (Babylon - Baghdad - Anbar) to the west From the Iraqi capital, 110 km west of the Euphrates River, from the capital, Baghdad, many administrative developments have contributed to the rise and fall of the three elements of education (the number of students - the number of teaching staff - and the number of school buildings).Public education will witness a remarkable and tangible development in all stages of education, especially (kindergarten - and primary education), which will witness significant quantitative and qualitative growth during the ministry's statistics in research as well as the school services provided by the Ministry of Education and the Directorate of Education in Karbala Governorate, in implementation of the plan to universalize primary education and in implementation of its compulsory and free of charge. It contributed significantly to the development of education and the improvement of its quality during the period (1971- 1975), which we will shed light on during the research.