APPLYING SOCIAL COGNITIVE BASED LITERACY LEARNING MODEL TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ READING AND REASONING SKILL IN INDONESIAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
This study was aimed at investigating the effect of the social cognitive-based literacy learning model (SCBLLM) to improve students’ reading and reasoning skills for 2nd grade of elementary school. It applied a quasi-experimental method with a pre-test – post-test control group design. It was conducted in three elementary schools in Bandung city and took a sample size of 40 students. The data were collected using interviews and tests. The test to measure students’ reading and reasoning ability was based on Rudell's (2006) four levels of thinking. The results showed that there was an effect of the application of the SCBLLM on students’ reading and reasoning skills. The average increase of reading skill for the experimental class was greater than that of the control class. While the average difference test of the posttest data on the students' reasoning ability in the experimental class three and the control class at a significance level of 0.05 obtained p (sig.2-tailed) = 0.000 with an average N-gain of the experimental class = 0.849 and the N-gain class. control = 0.413. The results of this study might serve as a reference for the teachers to create and implement some activities to foster students’ literacy in terms of their reading and reasoning skills as their basic literacy skills.