THE EFFECT OF LOCAL FINANCING UPON REALIZING THE FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE OF LOCAL UNITS IN DECENTRALIZED ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEMS
Keywords:local finance, financial independence, local units, central government.
The increasing level of residents’ requirements of the local community led to the necessity for sufficient local funding to satisfy the residents’ requirements and services of the local units affiliated with the decentralized administrative systems on the one hand, and to the role of local financing in the financial independence of local units on the other hand.With the presence of local financing, the financial independence of local units is achieved and is considered one of the conditions for financial independence, which is the provision of local financing to the units away from central support. The study focused in this research to clarify the concept of local financing for local units with a statement of its conditions and importance and to clarify the concept of financial independence and its relationship to local financing. The weakness and lack of local funding generates weakness in the financial independence of the units, as it turns to the central government to provide financial resources to the local units, which enhances the central government’s dominance over its units and limits its financial independence and freedom to dispose of its local financial resources. On the contrary, the abundance of local funding for the units enhances their financial independence and the disposal of any central government support that weakens or limits their financial independence.