POLITICAL RELATIONS BETWEEN THE ABBASID CALIPHATE AND TRANSOXIANA DURING THE RULE OF SAFFARID EMIRATE (259-296 AH/873-908 AD)
The subject of political relations between the Abbasid Caliphate and Transoxiana during the Saffari rule is one of the topics worthy of attention by specialists in the study of the political history of the Islamic East. After the growth of Jacob al-Saffari’s power, the Caliph alMu’tamid (256-279 AH/869-892 AD) realized the danger of his ambitions on the Abbasid caliphate. Between him and Rafi’ bin Harthama, the rebel against the caliphate, and after the elimination of Rafi’, Amr al-Saffari asked the caliphate to take over the country beyond the river as a reward for him. Beyond the river and supported by the Abbasid Caliphate and Amr al-Saffari, where this conflict ended with the victory of Ismail al-Samani and the defeat of Amr al-Saffari and sending him as a captive to the Abbasid Caliphate, and the Caliphate blessed this victory Which was achieved by Ismail al-Samani, and then the curtain fell on the Saffarid emirate after this severe defeat they suffered.