A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISORY SKILLS USED BY PRINCIPALS OF APS & CAND FGEIS
Keywords:supervision skills, capabilities, supportive environment, principals, Supervisors.
The supervision in instruction is actually a mutual task in the schools which is performed with inspection, supervision and teaching. So, it is incumbent upon the supervisor to be supportive, highly-skilled and competent so as to cope with the problems and develop the appropriate teaching and learning know-how. A survey was conducted. It focused on the comparison of skills of the supervision in instruction applied by the heads of APS&Cs and the FGEIs in Pakistan. The approach employed for this study was quantitative and design was descriptive in nature. Multi-stage stratified random sampling technique was used for selection of sample. 400 teachers from the APS&Cs and 390 teachers from FGEIs were chosen from the survey. The data was collected while using questionnaires. Its reliability was 871. Standard division, mean and t-test were used. The findings of the study revealed that the notion of supervision covers more than inspection. Thus, it is the duty of the supervisor to create interactive and supportive environment for teachers as well as learners. Subsequently, they should exploit optimum resources for achievement of the goals. Moreover, it is also suggested that principals should possess relevant skills and expertise to solve all the issues; they should cooperate and give directions to strengthen their competencies in relevant field for improvement of teaching proficiency of the teachers. It is recommended that seminars and workshops should be conducted by experts in order to enhance the potentials of principals and enrich the capabilities of the teachers considerably.