CLUSTER ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN USE OF ICT AND ICT LITERACY
Keywords:literacy, ICT, KNN method, technology.
This work was aimed at determining the relationship between use of ICT and ICT literacy, and the academic level of a group of teachers who develop their academic activities at a university in the city of Sincelejo, Department of Sucre, Colombia. A cluster analysis was applied with the KNN or K methods, closest neighbors, using the Metric Distance or Euclidean Distance as a measure of similarity. The information was collected through a survey applied to a sample of 354 teachers from the Municipality of Sincelejo, to inquire about the knowledge and skills they possess regarding the use of ICT and ICT LITERACY. As a result, it was possible to establish that there is no obvious pattern of correlation between the variables corresponding to the dimension "Use of ICT and Technology Literacy" and the Level of Training of University Teachers. In all the variables that make up the analyzed dimension, the scores of the Teachers varied independently of their professional training, which is reflected in the fact that several Teachers with Doctoral or Master's Training recorded a Low or Nil rating in both variables, while other Teachers, with Basic Professional Training or Specialization, reached Very High qualifications in the same variables.