FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE TRAVELERS’ WILLINGNESS TO USE OR NOT PARK-AND-RIDE SERVICE IN PUTRAJAYA AND KARACHI CBD
Urban transportation planning has a key role in the daily routine of inhabitants. Transportation planning has been observed as the most debatable subject, but least attention has been paid on it. Traffic congestion is expanding up to the outskirts of city centres during peak hours. Currently, congestion in Karachi’s south district specifically Saddar Town is known as Central Business District (CBD) and Putrajaya are the result of people driving their cars to work. People cannot be convinced to shift towards public transportation without understanding their travel behaviour. Thus, there is a need to reduce the imbalance between public and private transport. Therefore, being a part of travel demand management park-and-ride (P&R) service has extensively used in many countries and proved to be successful in decreasing congestion and difficulty of finding parking space in the urban centres. Hence, this research determines the factors that influence travellers’ decision to use or not to use P&R, and study the possible ways of attracting car drivers to P&R service. To collect the travel behaviour information, a survey was conducted through a self-administrative quantitative questionnaire. Data was analysed through descriptive analysis such as a contingency table (cross-tabulation) technique in chi-square test of independence/association model were applied through SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). The findings of the research were more towards the implementation of parking charges at workplaces to discourage people from parking their cars at the workplace. Through this approach, car traveller can be shifted towards P&R services. Research outcomes will support policy making and provide a base for future study on mode choice model for P&R service.