FACTORS AFFECTING HOUSEHOLD FOOD INSECURITY IN PUNJAB PAKISTAN
Keywords:Food Insecurity, Household, Chi-Square.
The present study had been designed to explore the factors affecting household food insecurity in Punjab, Pakistan. Food insecurity means lack of access by all people at all times to have enough food for an active, healthy life. The problem of food crisis occurred due to high rate of population growth because low agricultural development did not full fill the nutritional needs of people and large number of people suffered into malnutrition. Population growth has a substantial impact on agricultural and food issues. The importance of the relationship between population growth and food crisis has been recognized by the development economists. Pakistan faced a high growth rate of its population that Rapid growth in Population increase has a very adverse impact on recourses and economy of Pakistan like need for food, electricity, land, security, health, education and other basic facilities has increased. Lack of quality resources helped in raising costs and hence purchasing power of people has decreased. This study was focus on the opportunity and motives of the population explosion and food insecurity situation in Pakistan in the lens of Malthusian theory. Moreover, it was give some suggestions to cope with the sever problem of food crisis. The present study was conducted in Punjab Pakistan. A sample of 300 respondents was drawn from the three random selected districts of Punjab. Quantitative data were collected through interview schedule. The collected data were analyzed with the help of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).It is found that food insecurity is the major issue for the whole world as well for the Pakistani society.